PATH Technical Assistance Toolkit

Author: AAPCHO
Type:
Issue:

The Association of Asian Pacific Community Health Organizations is pleased to introduce the Resource Guide for Asset-based Community Health Planning, a technical assistance toolkit for the Promoting Access to Healthcare (PATH) program.

This resource guide was made possible with funding from the Office of Minority Health.

Background

Over the past decade, there has been an overall shift by public health and social service program planners to utilize “community assets,” such as community members, places, or things in the community that can be used to improve the quality of community life, when developing programs aimed at improving the health status of that community.

In the Midwest and Mountain states, where there are growing Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AAPI) populations, local providers and community-based organizations have begun to fill a void in health care services by developing programs for this diverse population. AAPCHO’s PATH program, in recognition of these organizations’ efforts, is responding to the lack of available health care and social service resources and tools for AAPIs, by developing the Resource Guide for Asset-based Community Health Planning.

This resource guide was developed to help AAPI community-based organizations navigate their way through asset-based community health planning—from conducting participatory community assessments and developing successful partnerships to conducting community-based participatory research that in the end strengthens data on that organization’s community and helps the organization better advocate on behalf of that community.

It is our hope that such resources will eventually lead to new health care and social service programs that are responsive and effective to the unique needs of AAPI populations not only in the Midwest and Mountain regions, but throughout the country.

Mobilizing Community Assets

  • Community Tool Box
    The Tool Box provides practical information related to promoting community health and development. The core of the Tool Box is the “topic sections” that includes guidance on the tasks necessary to promote community health and development. There are sections on leadership, strategic planning, community assessment, grant writing, and evaluation.
  • Center for Collaborative Planning
    The Center for Collaborative Planning (CCP) promotes health and social justice by providing training and technical assistance and by connecting people and resources. CCP supports diverse communities in key areas including Asset-based Community Development, Leadership Development, Working Collaboratively, and Community Assessment and Strategic Planning.
  • PhotoVoice
    A project that “blends a grassroots approach to photography and social action,” PhotoVoice provides a unique opportunity that connects individuals to their communities, and empowers those communities to affect policy. Abstracts on this site explore social responsibility, needs-assessment strategies, health policy issues, and community-building programs amongst other outreach efforts.
  • Free Management Library—Basics of Conducting Focus Groups
    This site contains basic guidelines for conducting focus groups, such as preparing for focus group sessions, developing questions, planning the session, facilitating the session, and immediate follow-up steps after the session. A list of related links is also provided on this site for additional resources.

Participatory Community Health Planning

Strategic Planning

  • Idealist—Evaluation: What is Strategic Planning?
    Idealist, as part of the project “Action Without Borders,” connects people, organizations, and resources in an effort to ensure individual and community well-being. In addition to a listing of organizations in 165 different countries, this site also contains information about organizational evaluation and strategic planning (thinking, management, long-range planning, etc.) frameworks.
  • Free Management Library—Strategic Planning (In Nonprofit or For-Profit Organizations)
    As a part of “a complete integrated online library for nonprofits & for-profits,” this site details an overview of strategic planning, the preparation necessary for strategic planning, when strategic planning should occur, the benefits of strategic planning, and strategic analysis, among other in-depth resources related to strategic planning frameworks.

Community-Based Collaborative Research

  • CBPR Listserv (Community-Campus Partnerships for Health and Wellesley Central Health Corporation’s Listserv)
    Maintained by the University of Washington, this listserv is a partnership between Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) and the Wellesley Institute. This listserv provides a forum for engaging individuals in community-academic research and promotes the sharing of community-building resources/tools to improve community health.
  • Community-Campus Partnerships for Health
    A nonprofit organization, Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) promotes collaborative efforts between communities and higher educational institutions to better community health. This site includes information regarding resource-sharing, service-learning, community-based teaching, and partnership-building on community outreach programs.
  • Community-Based Collaboratives Research Consortium
    This site provides information about the Community-Based Collaborative Research Consortium, which is comprised of a network of researchers, community groups, governmental agencies, and other health organizations that assess/evaluate collaborative efforts involving community development. The Consortium site also provides links to its journal, resource database, grant information, events/workshops, and other documents.
  • Directory of Funding Sources for Community-Based Participatory Research
    Prepared for the “Conference on Improving the Health of our Communities through Collaborative Research (Oregon—2004)” by the Northwest Health Foundation, this directory provides an extensive listing of funding sources for community-based participatory research. The directory includes funding opportunities from governmental agencies (NIH, CDC, HRSA, HUD, etc.) and non-governmental organizations (American Cancer Society, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, California Endowment, etc.) and funding opportunities available through these sources.
  • Society for Community Research and Action (SCRA)
    A division of the American Psychological Association, the Society for Community Research and Action (SCRA), promotes health programs through community involvement, empowerment, and development, as well as community research and action. SCRA emphasizes that community-based research should use multiple methodologies, recognize diversity of populations, and include researchers, practitioners, and community members, which are all critical to health promotion and prevention. This site provides a community toolbox, membership information, events/activities (conferences/workshops) calendar, and proposal announcements.

Principles of Partnerships

  • CCPH—Principles of Partnerships
    Developed by the Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH), this site includes the “Principles of Good Community-Campus Partnerships” document, which outlines ideal practice models between educational institutions and community organizations. These principles include discussions on shared values/visions between partners, as well as maintaining a balance of power, justly distributing credit, and recognizing how to improve programs, among other recommendations.

Collaboration

  • Center for the Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in Health
    The Center for the Advancement of Collaborative Strategies in Health as part of The New York Academy of Medicine, is committed to working with various partnership alliances, funding ventures, and policy-makers to develop a collaborative and community-based approach to health issues. This site includes partnership self-assessment tools, knowledge-building workgroup, conceptual models for collaborative liaisons, and information regarding the Center’s program to develop practical tools and training workshops.

NPO Advocacy

  • The Alliance for Justice
    This site contains technical assistance and resources for nonprofit organizations and advocacy agencies, including documents detailing activities that are permissible for nonprofits during election years, allowable electoral activities, outlining of ballot measures, and the lobbying rules that apply to nonprofits.
  • APHA—Advocacy
    This site, from the American Public Health Association (APHA), provides an overview of how public health and advocacy are interrelated and crucial for health policy change. It also contains tips on how to contact legislators and includes tools/resources to get involved in public health advocacy efforts, such as joining APHA Legislative Action Network, referencing the APHA Legislative Information Center, and using web-based tools (letters forms/scripts) to communicate with legislators on health policies.
  • Families USA—Tell Us Your Story
    This site creates an outlet for individuals and families to express their experiences and frustrations in confronting complex health policy issues. This in turn can be useful for legislators and reporters to better understand how individuals are negatively impacted by these policies. People are particularly encouraged to share their stories regarding their hardships with uninsured children, Medicare Part D, Health Savings Account, and disparities in receiving healthcare.
  • Cover the Uninsured
    A project of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Cover the Uninsured is an organization that highlights the status and implications of uninsured people across the nation. This site includes information and resources on state-to-state guide, facts and figures, current policies and strategies to alleviate uninsured individuals, a faith planning center, and news digests.
  • GiveVoice—National Council of Nonprofit Associations
    This site presents public policy resources and nonprofit advocacy tools for organizations in state association networks. These tools and resources include information about sample policy agendas, grant/budget streamlining, mobilizing voters, joining coalitions, and capacity-building toolkits.
  • Health Education Advocate
    The Health Education Advocate is an organization that advocates for “public health education legislation and health promotion funding” at local, state, and national levels. This site contains information about how health education professionals and students can form partnerships to effectively advocate for an issue. The site highlights summits and congressional briefings as methods of informing legislators about an issue; additional links are also provided.
  • State Health Facts
    Compiled by the Kaiser Family Foundation, this site provides individual state profiles with information about individual state health costs and budgets, managed care and health insurance, health status, demographics and economy, providers and service use, and Medicare, among other components. A feature on this site also allows for state comparisons among various categories.
  • Center for Assessment and Policy Development
    The Center for Assessment and Policy Development’s mission is to help foundations, community collaborations and organizations, and governments and public systems craft and execute thoughtful responses to pressing social issues. Major areas the organization’s work include leadership and community building; social justice and anti-racism initiatives; systems change; and children and families.

Evaluation

  • CDC Framework for Program Evaluation
    Developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this site provides a framework that can be utilized for public health program evaluation. The contents of this framework include an overall summary of how the evaluation system works, what purpose the framework is to serve, what the scope of the evaluation entails, how values are assigned in evaluations, what steps and standards are part of the evaluation, and how the framework can be applied.

Other Resources

Social Marketing

  • Community Toolbox—Implement a Social Marketing Effort
    In an effort to promote “community health and development by connecting people, ideas, and resources,” the Community Toolbox has more than 6,000 pages of practical information. The University of Kansas site includes examples of social marketing efforts, outlines for implementing social marketing, customized work stations, and action planning guides, among other tools.

REACH 2010

  • Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH)
    As part of the CDC and the Healthy People 2010 initiative, Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) aims to eliminate healthcare disparities that exist among minority and ethnic populations. REACH’s goals, collaboration efforts, examples of community outreach, and evaluation programs can be found on this site, in addition to other related materials and resources.